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Lithium ion battery

How do lithium ion batteries work in cars?

A lithium-ion battery is the most common types of battery used in electric vehicles (EVs). It’s suited to EVs because it holds a lot of energy, compared to its weight, and is very efficient at charging and discharging. It's the same type of battery found in phones and laptops – but electric cars use hundreds of batteries linked together. 

Depending on the type of charger used, recharging can take anywhere between a couple of hours to almost a whole day.

Related Jargon

How does an electric vehicle work?

An electric car, also known as a battery electric vehicle or EV, uses one or more electric motors to move the vehicle.

What is a battery electric vehicle?

A battery electric vehicle (BEV) uses the electrical energy from rechargeable batteries to power an electric motor (or motors).

What is a plug-in hybrid car?

A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a vehicle that has a slightly larger battery than a regular hybrid, so it travels further just using electricity.

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