'One previous owner' is the biggest cliché in the world of classified car ads.
The reason you see it so often is that it's a way of suggesting that a car has been looked after well, and possibly better than one with four or five owners.
But exactly how critical is the number of previous owners – or are other factors more important?
How important is a single owner?
In the world of used cars, one owner is traditionally seen as ideal for a car.
This is because it suggests the car might not be very old. Age isn’t necessarily a huge indicator of a car’s condition, but buyers prefer a newer car, especially if more recent in-car technology features, such as a flashy infotainment system, are important.
A car with one owner might also have been looked after better. When we buy a brand-new car, we tend to take better care of it – trying to maintain that showroom sparkle – and it’s also likely to have been serviced more regularly.
One owner will also have driven in a consistent manner, so the wear and tear will also be consistent.
Finally, the owner of a new car will have spent quite a bit of money buying the car, which represents a bigger investment than, say, the fifth or sixth owner, who bought the car for a lot less.
Every car is different
On the other hand, multiple owners aren't necessarily a bad thing, either.
If a car has changed hands every two or three years, there’s a chance that every new owner has treated the car like brand-new – because it is brand-new to them when they buy it. Each one might have treated it with some TLC.
A single owner, however, might well have lost interest in looking after their car, seeing it as just transport after a few years and not caring as much about its maintenance.
Truthfully, there is no hard and fast rule – every car is different.
The most important factor is whether a car has been looked-after over the course of its life, which its history will show.
How to check a car’s service history
A detailed service history is the mark of a well-maintained car. If the car has been taken for regular services at a reputable garage, it should offer greater reassurance to a buyer. The same goes for receipts and records of any work carried out on the car.
In many ways, the service history is a more reliable indicator of a used car’s history than knowing how many owners it had and who they were.
If there are stamps for services from two or three (or more) different dealers in different parts of the country, you can take a pretty good guess where the owners have lived.
You can also learn a lot about the car from where it has been owned. If it’s been owned close to a motorway, it's probably done longer journeys on them and should have been driven more smoothly, without too much wear and tear on the brakes.
On the other hand, if it's been owned in a rural area with lots of driving on country roads, the brakes will have had more of a workout, as will the suspension, having to deal with poorly-surfaced roads and potholes.
How to check a car yourself
As you’re investing a lot of money in a car, you want to make sure that it's mechanically sound.
If you’re happy with all this, it's time to get an expert to give it a thorough mechanical inspection.
Finding out more...
Even having a service history will tell you a lot about a used car.
A trustworthy owner should make this available to a buyer when they’re inspecting the car.
If this is supplemented by receipts for any work done, even better.